Aleksandr Borodin  
Aleksandr Borodin
Aleksandr Borodin, in full Aleksandr Porfiryevich Borodin (born Oct. 31 [Nov. 12, New Style], 1833, St. Petersburg, Russia—died Feb. 15 [Feb. 27], 1887, St. Petersburg), major Russian nationalist composer of the 19th century. He was also a scientist notable for his research on aldehydes.

Borodin’s father was a Georgian prince and his mother an army doctor’s wife, and he was reared in comfortable circumstances. His gift for languages and music was evident early on, and as a schoolboy he learned to play the piano, flute, and cello and to compose music. From 1850 to 1856 he studied at the Medico-Surgical Academy, specializing in chemistry, and received a doctorate in 1858. From 1859 to 1862 he studied in western Europe. On his return to Russia he became adjunct professor of chemistry at the Medico-Surgical Academy and full professor in 1864. From this period dates his first major work, the Symphony No. 1 in E-flat Major (1862–67), written as a result of his acquaintance with Mily Balakirev, of whose circle (The Five) he was a member, along with Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov, Modest Mussorgsky, and César Cui. Borodin began his Symphony No. 2 in B Minor in 1869, when he also began work on his operatic masterpiece, Prince Igor (completed posthumously by Rimsky-Korsakov and Aleksandr Glazunov). Act II of Prince Igor contains the often-played “Polovtsian Dances.” He also found time to write two string quartets, a dozen remarkable songs, the unfinished Symphony No. 3 in A Minor, and his tone poem In the Steppes of Central Asia.

Borodin’s musical work was never more than relaxation from his scientific work. In addition to his research and teaching, he helped found medical courses for women in 1872. In the 1880s pressures of work and ill health left him little time for composition. He died suddenly while at a ball.

Borodin’s compositions place him in the front rank of Russian composers. He had a strong lyric vein but also was noted for his handling of heroic subjects. He had an unusually fine rhythmic sense and excelled in the use of orchestral colour and in the evocation of distant places. In his symphonies and string quartets—among the finest of the Romantic era—he developed a formal structure in which the musical material of a movement was derived from a single initial motif. His melodies reflect the character of Russian folk melodies, and like other composers of the Russian national school he used striking harmonies unconventional in western European music.

Encyclopædia Britannica

Alexander Borodin - Prince Igor - by Yury Lyubimov - music edit by Pavel Karmanov
Polovstian Dances, Borodin, Prince Igor. Full Version HQ
Prince Igor (Russian: Князь Игорь, Knyaz' Igor' ) is an opera in four acts with a prologue. It was composed by Alexander Borodin. The composer adapted the libretto from the East Slavic epic The Lay of Igor's Host, which recounts the campaign of Russian prince Igor Svyatoslavich against the invading Polovtsian tribes in 1185. The opera was left unfinished upon the composer's death in 1887 and was edited and completed by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Alexander Glazunov. It was first performed in St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1890.
This version is conducted by Gergiev with the Kirov ( Mariyinksky) Opera Company.
BORODIN - Prinz Igor - Vienna 2012/Dudamel
Polowetzer Tänze/Polovetsian Dances instrumental
Vienna Philharmonics Wiener Philharmoniker Wien 2012
Sommernachtkonzert/Summernightconcert 2012
Alexander Borodin: Prince Igor - Overture
Alexander Borodin: Prince Igor, Overture
Alexander Baturin, Sofya Panova, Ivan Kozlovsky, Maxim Mikhailov, Nadezhda Obukhova,Moscow Orchestra of the Bolshoi Theatre,Alexander Melik-Pashaev
Alexander Borodin : Prince Igor (1941), Volume 1
Alexander Borodin Konchak's aria from the opera Prince Igor
Yuri Vlasov (bass)
The Mariinsky Orchestra
Conductor: Sergey Smbatyan
22 May 2014
Mariinsky tv live webcast
Alexander Borodin - Prince Igor: Scene IV, Aria of Prince Igor
Varna Opera Orchestra & Sabin Markov
Composer: Alexander Borodin
Conductor: Yosko Yosifov
℗ 2011 Bulgarian National Radio
А. Бородин. "Улетай на крыльях ветра"
Бородин Александр Порфирьевич
Опера `Князь Игорь`
"Улетай на крыльях ветра"
Borodin: Second Symphony LIVE Concert HD
Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest o.l.v. Karel Mark Chichon / Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra

Borodin: Tweede symfonie / Second Symphony

Borodin Quartet plays Borodin Quartet No.2
00:00 - Allegro moderato
07:56 - Scherzo
12:39 - Notturno
20:50 - Finale
Borodin - String Quartet No. 1 in A major (FULL) - HD Classical Music Violin (Música Clásica Violin)
String Quartet No. 1 in A major (Complete) by Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin.

I. Moderato - Allegro (0:00)
II. Andante con moto (14:47)
III. Scherzo. Prestissimo (23:25)
IV. Andante - Allegro risoluto (25:20)

Borodin wrote this quartet in two years, and published it in 1879 with a dedication to Rimsky Korsakov's wife. Though overshadowed by his more popular second quartet, the musical resources employed by Borodin in it's composition were novel in 19th century Russia.

It full title is String Quartet on a Theme of Beethoven, and it employes a variation of a melody from Beethoven's Op. 130 quartet. Upon hearing it, a critic stated that Borodin had produced Russia's first great piece of chamber music.

Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin was a Russian Romantic composer, doctor and chemist. He was a member of the group of composers called The Five (or "The Mighty Handful"), who were dedicated to producing a specifically Russian kind of art music. He is best known for his symphonies, his two string quartets, In the Steppes of Central Asia and his opera Prince Igor. Music from Prince Igor and his string quartets was later adapted for the US musical Kismet.
He was a notable advocate of women's rights and a proponent of education in Russia and was a founder of the School of Medicine for Women in St. Petersburg.

Borodin,String Quartet No 2 D major 1st and intro of 2nd Mov Kopelman String Quartet
Kopelman String Quartet:Violins:Mikhail Kopelman , Boris Kuschnir - Viola :Igor Sulyga -Cello: Mikhail Milman - Live-Cyprus-March 12th,2008
Alexander Borodin: Requiem
Alexander Borodin (orch. Leopold Stokowski): Requiem (from Paraphrases)
BBC Symphony Chorus, Philharmonia Orchestra, Geoffrey Simon
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