TIMELINE OF WORLD HISTORY
 

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Masters of the Gothic Art

1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7
 
 
 
 
 
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Masters of the Gothic Art
 
 
1
Master M S
Master M Z
Master Thomas de Coloswar
Master of Alkmaar
Master of Avila
Master of Budapest

2
Master of Moulins
Master of Female Half-length
Master of Heiligenkreuz
Master of Hoogstraeten
Master of Saint Cecilia
Master of Saint Gilles
Master of San Francesco Bardi
Master of the Aix Annunciation
Master of the Aix-en-Chapel Altarpiece

3
Master of the Avignon School
Master of the Bambino Vispo
Master of the Castello Nativity
Master of the Catholic Kings
Master of the Joseph Legend
Master of the Housebook

4
Master of the Legend of St. Ursula
Master of the Life of St John the Baptist
Master of the Lyversberg Passion
Master of the Pfullendorf Altar
Master of the Saint Lucy Legend
Master of the Polling Panels
Master of the Tegernsee Passion
Master of the Trebon Altarpiece
Master of the Vienna Adoration
Master of the Virgo inter Virgines
Masters Bohemian

5-6
Master of the Votive Picture of St Lambrecht
Masters Austrian
Master Dutch
Masters Flemish

7
Masters French
Masters German
 
 
 
 
Master M S
Hungarian painter (first half of 16th century)
( fl 1511–26). German sculptor, engraver and wood-carver. He is known by the initials with which he signed a carved altarpiece (1523–6; Breisach, Cathedral), twenty-four engravings and seven woodcuts.



The Visitation
1506
Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest



The Mount of Olives
1506
Christian Museum, Esztergom



The Nativity
1506
Parish Church, Antol



The Adoration of the Magi
1506-10
Musee des Beaux-Arts, Lille



Christ Carrying the Cross
1506
Christian Museum, Esztergom



The Crucifixion
1506
Christian Museum, Esztergom



The Resurrection
1506
Christian Museum, Esztergom

 
 
 
 
Master M Z

( fl c. 1500). German engraver. Twenty-two engravings are signed with the initials MZ, six of them dated (1500, 1501, 1503). In the absence of appreciable stylistic or technical development and because the artist’s sources—Albrecht Durer’s prints from the 1490s in particular—are no later than the dated prints, it is thought that all the production was concentrated c. 1500. The prints are equally divided between religious and secular subjects. Often a state of disquiet inhabits the figures, accompanied by eccentric use of perspective and abrupt changes in scale, as seen for example in The Embrace (Lehrs, 1932, no. 16) and Solomon’s Idolatry (L 1). Most of his works have landscape backgrounds executed with a delicate, atmospheric touch that suggests a precursor of Albrecht Altdorfer and other painters of the Danube school. The Ball and The Tournament (1500; L 17-18), companion pieces that represent a court festival in Munich, are the principal evidence that the artist was active in that city. The same hand may have engraved a reliquary plaque (1501; Andechs, pilgrimage church of Mariae Verkündigung) commissioned by the Munich Brotherhood of Butchers. This similarity has supported the contention that the Monogrammist MZ was the Munich goldsmith Matthaus Zasinger ( fl 1498–1555), though the burin work more readily suggests the hand of a painter than that of an engraver. Accordingly the Master has been attributed with eight panels with scenes from the Life of St Lawrence (c. 1505–7; Berching, Lorenzkirche). Noting the similarities of form and expression between the engravings of Master MZ and the paintings of Master MS ( fl 1521), who was active in Hungary and is also associated with the Danube school, it has been argued that the paintings and engravings are by the same hand. None of these or other proposed identities is yet persuasive.




Vanitas (Memento Mori)
1502-03
Copper-plare engraving
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest


Martyrdom of St Barbara
1501
Coppe-plate engraving
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg



The Beheading of St John the Baptist
c. 1500
Copper-plate engraving
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest



Martyrdom of St Catherine of Alexandria
1502-03
Copper-plate engraving
Staatliche Graphische Sammlung, Munich


 


Fortune
c. 1505
Black ink on paper
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg

 
 
 
 
 
Master Thomas de Coloswar

Hungarian painter (first half of 15th century)


Crucifixion
1427
Christian Museum, Esztergom



The Death of St Giles
1427
Christian Museum, Esztergom


Ascension
1427
Christian Museum, Esztergom


Christ Carrying the Cross
1427
Christian Museum, Esztergom

Master of Alkmaar

Netherlandish painter (active c. 1500-1515)


Scenes from the Life of Joachim and Anna
c. 1500
Frans Halsmuseum, Haarlem

 
 
 
 
 
Master of Avila

( fl second half of the 15th century). Spanish painter. He painted a small triptych (c. 1470–75; Madrid, Mus. Lázaro Galdiano), which shows on the interior the Nativity, the Annunciation to the Shepherds and the Magi’s Vision of the Star; on the exterior is the Annunciation. The Master of Avila may possibly have visited the Netherlands, because the painting is an adaptation of the Middleburg triptych of the Nativity (Berlin, Gemäldegal.) attributed to Rogier van der Weyden; Netherlandish influence is also apparent in the Virgin’s draperies and the orange-yellows and reds in St Joseph’s coat, which are typical of the Master of Flemalle. The Master of Avila also evidently painted several works for Avila (hence his name), including a panel of the Meeting of Joachim and Anna at the Golden Gate in the north transept of S Vicente, and three panels of the Meeting at the Golden Gate, Christ among the Doctors and the Death of the Virgin in the parish church of Barco de Avila. The Master was a technically accomplished artist, who fused virile types with a gentle and fresh way of looking at things (Post). Attempts have been made to identify him with Pedro Díaz de Oviedo (Mayer) and García de Barco ( fl c. 1476; Tormo), who came from the region where the paintings were found, but neither identification has been generally accepted.




The Embrace
1480-90
Basilica of San Vicente, Avila





Nativity
1474-76
Museo Lazaro Galdiano, Madrid


Master of Budapest

Spanish painter (active c. 1500 in Castile)


Crucifixion
c. 1500
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest



Holy Bishop
c. 1500
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest


Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple
c. 1500
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest

 
 
 

 
 
 
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