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Stefan Lochner
 
 
 
 
 
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Gothic and Early Renaissance
 
 
 
Stefan Lochner
 
 
Stefan Lochner, (born c. 1410, Meersburg am Bodensee, Bishopric of Constance—died 1451, Cologne), late Gothic painter, considered to be the greatest representative of the school of Cologne. He is known primarily for his highly mystical religious paintings.

Little is known of his early life, but he is thought to have studied in the Netherlands, possibly under Robert Campin (currently identified with the Master of Flémalle), whose influence is evident in the treatment of the drapery and the careful rendering of detail in what may be Lochner’s earliest extant painting, “St. Jerome in His Cell.”

Lochner settled in Cologne about 1430. The earliest work he did there was an altarpiece for the church of St. Laurenz. The abundance of minute observation reflects his continued interest in Netherlandish art. But in the central panel he bound the various themes into a unified composition through the use of a dominating rhythmic design.

In the later 1430s Lochner must have been in the Netherlands again, where he encountered the art of van Eyck. The first work to reflect this influence is the “Madonna with the Violet” (c. 1443). Van Eyck’s influence is most noticeable in Lochner’s chief work, the great town hall altarpiece much admired by Dürer. In this “Altar of the Patron Saints,” Lochner adds to the idealism of the older painters of the Cologne school with a wealth of naturalistic observation in the figures, while the sculpturelike draperies lend them a monumental dignity. In 1447 he became a member of the town council, and from the same year dates the splendid “Presentation in the Temple.” The exquisite “Madonna of the Rose Bower” was painted soon afterward.

Lochner became one of Cologne’s greatest painters, combining naturalism with a masterful sense of colour and design into a festal solemnity of representation. His work forms perhaps the most successful visual interpretation of late medieval German mysticism before Grünewald. Book illumination was also done in his workshop.

Encyclopædia Britannica

 
 
 

Adoration of the Child Jesus
1445
Alte Pinakothek, Munich
 
 
 

Madonna of the
Rose Bush
c. 1440
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne
 
 
 

Madonna of the Rose Bush (detail)
c. 1440
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne

 

 
 

Altarpiece of the Patron Saints of Cologne
1440s
Cathedral, Cologne
 
 
 

Altarpiece of the Patron Saints of Cologne (detail)
Adoration of the Magi
1440s
Cathedral, Cologne
 
 
 


Altarpiece of the Patron Saints of Cologne (detail)
1440s
Cathedral, Cologne


Altarpiece of the Patron Saints of Cologne (detail)
1440s
Cathedral, Cologne

 
 
 

The Last Judgment
c. 1435
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne
 
 
 

Saints Catherine, Hubert and Quirinus with a Donor
c. 1435
Alte Pinakothek, Munich
 
 
 

Sts Mark, Barbara and Luke
1445-50
Wallraf-Richartz
Museum, Cologne
 
 
 

Presentation of Christ in the Temple
1447
Panel
Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt
 
 
 

Presentation of Christ in the Temple (detail)
1447
Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt
 
 
 

Presentation of Christ in the Temple (detail)
1447
Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt
 
 
 

Triptych with the
Virgin and Child in an Enclosed
garden
1445-50
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne
 
 
 

Triptych with the Virgin and Child in an Enclosed garden (detail)
1445-50
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne
 
 
 


Triptych with the Virgin and Child in an Enclosed garden (detail)
1445-50
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne


Triptych with the Virgin and Child in an Enclosed garden (detail)
1445-50
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne

 
 
 

Virgin and Child
 
 
 

St. Jerome in His Study
about 1440
 
 
 

Martyrdom of the Apostles Altarpiece (interior left wing)
1435-40
Oil on panel, 120 x 80 cm
Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt
 
 
 

 
 
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