TIMELINE OF WORLD HISTORY
 

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  Gothic Art

Architecture


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Sculpture and Stained Glass

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Painting
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Gothic Art
 
 
 
SCULPTURE

Beauneveu Andre
Sluter
Nicola Pisano
Giovanni Pisano
Andrea Pisano
Antelami Benedetto
Arnolfo di Camio
Lorenzo Maitani
Giovanni di Balduccio
Agostino di Giovanni
Tino di Camaino
Jacobello and Pierpaolo dalle Masegne
Lorenzo Chiberti
Jacopo della Quercia
 
 
 
Italy
 
 
Arnolfo di Cambio


Arnolfo di Cambio, (born c. 1245, Colle di Val d’Elsa [Italy]—died 1301/10, Florence), Italian sculptor and architect whose works embody the transition between the late Gothic and Renaissance architectural sensibilities.

Arnolfo studied painting under Cimabue and sculpture under Nicola Pisano. He served as assistant to Pisano in 1265–68 in the production of the pulpit for the Siena Cathedral. Arnolfo went to Rome in 1277 as the protégé of Charles of Anjou, king of Sicily, at which time he may have produced the monument of Cardinal Annibaldi in the Church of San Giovanni in Laterano (now disassembled) and the tomb of Pope Adrian V in the Church of San Francesco, Viterbo. In 1281 he executed a fountain at Perugia, figures from which survive in the National Gallery of Umbria. The following year he constructed a monument to Cardinal de Braye (died 1282) in San Domenico at Orvieto and subsequently designed altar canopies for San Paolo Fuori le Mura (1285) and Santa Cecilia in Trastevere (1293) in Rome.

In 1296 Arnolfo returned to Florence to undertake his most important commission, the design of the Duomo (the cathedral of Florence) and the carving of statues for its facade (now in the Museum of the Duomo). Other buildings attributed to him are the Palazzo Vecchio (Palazzo della Signoria), the Church of Santa Croce, and the choir of the Badia (Benedictine abbey).

The structural and decorative elements of Santa Croce and the Duomo have a unity, balance, and a lightness of movement that demonstrate Arnolfo’s complete mastery of the late 13th-century Gothic architectural vocabulary. His sculptures have a strong sense of volume that shows the influence on him of antique Roman models.

 
 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Tomb of Cardinal de Braye, after 1282. Marble. San Domenico, Orvieto

 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Tomb of Cardinal de Braye, after 1282. Marble. San Domenico, Orvieto (details)

 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Tomb of Cardinal de Braye, after 1282. Marble. San Domenico, Orvieto (details)

 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Tomb of Cardinal Annibaldi della Molara (detail). 1276. Marble. Cloister of San Giovanni Laterano, Rome
Arnolfo di Cambio. St Joseph Sleeping. Marble. Cathedral, Orvieto

 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Ciborium. 1283. Marble, with polychromatic incrustations. San Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome
Arnolfo di Cambio. Ciborium (detail). 1283. Marble, with polychromatic incrustations. San Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome

 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Tomb of Boniface VIII. 1294-96. Marble, height 120 cm, width 95 cm, depth 35 cm.Musei Vaticani, Rome
 
 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Tomb of Boniface VIII (details). 1294-96. Marble. Musei Vaticani, Rome

 

Arnolfo di Cambio. The Statue of Saint Peter. c. 1300. Bronze. Treasury of San Pietro, Vatican
Arnolfo di Cambio. St Reparata. c. 1310. Marble, height 174 cm. Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Florence

 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Tabernacle. 1293. Marble. Santa Cecilia in Trastevere, Rome

 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Tabernacle. 1293. Marble. Santa Cecilia in Trastevere, Rome (detail)
 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Tabernacle. 1293. Marble. Santa Cecilia in Trastevere, Rome (detail)

 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Presepio. Marble. Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome

 
 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Madonna and Child. c. 1310. Marble, height 173 cm. Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Florence


 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Madonna. c. 1310. Marble, height 174 cm. Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Florence


 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Dormition of the Virgin. 1296-1302. Marble. Staatliche Museen, Berlin


 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Thirsting Woman. 1281. Marble. Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria, Perugia


 

Arnolfo di Cambio. Thirsty Woman. 1281. Marble. Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria, Perugia
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
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