TIMELINE OF WORLD HISTORY
 

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Gothic Art

Architecture


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Sculpture and Stained Glass

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Painting
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Gothic Art
 
 
 
 
SCULPTURE

Beauneveu Andre
Sluter
Nicola Pisano
Giovanni Pisano
Andrea Pisano
Antelami Benedetto
Arnolfo di Camio
Lorenzo Maitani
Giovanni di Balduccio
Agostino di Giovanni
Tino di Camaino
Jacobello and Pierpaolo dalle Masegne
Lorenzo Chiberti
Jacopo della Quercia
 
 
 
 
 
Jacopo della Quercia
 
 
 
Jacopo della Quercia, (born c. 1374, Siena [Italy]—died Oct. 20, 1438, Bologna, Papal States), one of the most original Italian sculptors of the early 15th century. His innovative work influenced Italian artists such as Francesco di Giorgio, Niccolò dell’Arca, and Michelangelo.

Jacopo della Quercia came from a family of craftsman; his father, Piero d’Angelo, was also a sculptor, and his brother Priamo was a painter. In 1401 he participated in the competition for the bronze doors of the baptistery in Florence, which was won by Lorenzo Ghiberti. About 1406 Jacopo carved the tomb of Ilaria del Carretto in the Cathedral of Lucca. The effigy and sarcophagus alone survive. In 1408, at Ferrara, he made the statue of the Virgin and Child, which still exists in the Museo dell’Opera del Duomo, and a year later he received the commission for the Fonte Gaia in the Piazza del Campo at Siena, now replaced by a copy; the original is in the loggia of the town hall. The scheme of this celebrated and highly original fountain seems to have been repeatedly modified, the most effective work being done between 1414 and 1419. At the same time, Jacopo was working on the statue of an apostle for the exterior of the cathedral at Lucca, the Trenta altar for the Church of San Frediano in Lucca, and tomb slabs for Lorenzo Trenta and his wife.

In 1417 he undertook the creation of two gilt bronze reliefs for the baptismal font in San Giovanni in Siena. Being a dilatory artist, he completed only the Zacharias in the Temple, the second being assigned to Donatello. Jacopo’s main work is the sculpture around the portal of San Petronio at Bologna. The 10 scenes from Genesis, including The Creation of Eve, 5 scenes from the early life of Christ, the reliefs of prophets, and the statues of the Virgin and Child with Saints Petronius and Ambrose give a sense of depth often seen in the paintings of Masaccio.

In 1435 Jacopo was appointed superintending architect of Siena Cathedral, for which he was employed on the decoration (unfinished) of the Cappella Casini. His innovative sculptural style found no immediate followers in Siena, Bologna, or Lucca, but it later became a profound influence on Michelangelo.

Encyclopædia Britannica

 
 
 

Fonte Gaia in SienaFonte Gaia in Siena

In 1406 he was asked to build a new fountain in the Piazza del Campo in Siena. It had to replace the original fountain with a statue of the goddess Venus. This pagan statue was blamed for an outbreak of the Black Plague. The statue was destroyed and buried outside the city walls to avert its "evil influence". This prestigious commission shows that he was already being recognized as Siena's most prominent sculptor. The rectangular fountain, built in white marble, was dedicated to the Virgin, adorned on the three sides by many statues and multiple spouts. Because he accepted also other commissions at the same time, progress was slow. He started in 1414 and the fountain was only finished in 1419. He carved the panels in the workshop for sculptors, next to the cathedral. This workshop is now converted into the Cathedral Museum. It was called Fonte Gaia, because of the joy and the festivities when its was brought into operation. It is now a center of attraction for the many tourists. The old statues were replaced by copies in 1858 from Tito Sarrocchi and are now on display in the loggia of the Palazzo Pubblico.

 
 


JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Left side of the Fonte Gaia (Fountain of Joy), piazza del Campo, Siena. , with Creation of Adam.


JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Middle section of the Fonte Gaia (Fountain of Joy), piazza del Campo, Siena.


JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Right side of the Fonte Gaia (Fountain of Joy), piazza del Campo, Siena.




JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Panel of the Fonte Gaia (Fountain of Joy)



JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Acca Larentia. 1414-19. Marble, height: 162 cm. Palazzo Pubblico, Siena


JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA.
Rhea Sylvia. 1414-19
Marble, height: 160 cm
Palazzo Pubblico, Siena


JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Hope. 1414-19. Marble. Palazzo Pubblico, Siena
JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Virtue. 1414-19. Marble, height: 135 cm. Palazzo Pubblico, Siena


JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Annunciation: the Angel. 1421-26. Painted wood, height: 175 cm. Collegiata, San Gimignano
JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Annunciation: the Virgin. 1421-26. Painted wood, height: 175 cm. Collegiata, San Gimignano


JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Baptismal font. c. 1417. Marble, gilded bronze, and cloured enamel. Baptistry, Siena


JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Zacharias in the Temple. 1428-30. Gilt bronze relief, 60 x 60 cm cm. Baptistry, Siena


JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Madonna (Silvestri Madonna). 1406.
Marble, height: 210 cm. Cathedral, Ferrara



JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Madonna of humility, marble,
dated to c. 1400, in the National Gallery of Art


JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA. Madonna col Bambino

 
 
 

 
 
 
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