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Andrea da Firenze

(Andrea di Bonaiuto)
 
 
 
 
 
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Gothic and Early Renaissance
 
 
Andrea da Firenze (Andrea di Bonaiuto)
 
 
 
Andrea da Firenze, also called Andrea di Bonaiuto (flourished c. 1346—died after May 16, 1379), Florentine fresco painter whose considerable ability is demonstrated by his works in the church of Sta. Maria Novella in Florence.

Andrea’s name appears in the register of the Arte dei Medici e degli Speziali guild in Florence. At the end of 1365 he was commissioned to decorate the chapter house of the church of Sta. Maria Novella. Also attributed to him are the decorations in the Spanish chapel and the cartoon (full-scale drawing) for the stained-glass window of the facade. Although he was acquainted with Giotto’s innovations in modelling and spatial depth, he was strongly influenced by the linear, hieratic art of his Florentine contemporary Andrea Orcagna, and most of his works display the rigid compositions and immobile faces associated with the Byzantine tradition.

Also attributed to Andrea are the three upper panels of a mural showing the life of St. Ranieri in the Campo Santo (cemetery) at Pisa.

 
 
 
THE DOMINICANS

The Dominican monks, Sisto and Ristoro, are traditionally credited with the planning and construction of the Church of Santa Maria Novella in Florence. The plan of the building, a Latin cross with square chapels jutting out from the east side of the transept, was used for Franciscan models.

The dynamic concept differs, from the slender cross vaults to acute pointed arches separating the nave, but with a greater spatial unity.

In the second half of the 14th century, Andrea da Firenze (Andrea di Bonaiuto)  painted the wonderful frescos for the adjacent Spanish Chapel, in which the picture of the Church of the Triumph of the Faith closely resembled Arnolfo di Cambio's design for the cathedral, Santa Maria del Fiore.

The spatial integrity of the building is already implicit in Arnolfo's plan of 1294, but the dome of the fresco model is augmented by Brunelleschi's octagonal drum that carries the dome.

Another example of Dominican theology is Bonaiuto's fresco cycle showing Thomas Aquinas dominating the allegorical figures of all the liberal arts and the sciences of the theological cursus.
 
Santa Maria Novella, Florence.


Santa Maria Novella, interior, begun in 1279.




Crucifixion,
fresco, 1365-1368,
Santa Maria Novella, Florence



Descent of the Holy Spirit,
fresco, 1365-1368,
Santa Maria Novella, Florence




Descent of Christ to Limbo,
fresco, 1365-1368,
Santa Maria Novella, Florence




Christ Bearing the Cross to Calvary,
fresco, 1365-1368,
Santa Maria Novella, Florence




The Christ Militant and Triumphant,
fresco, 1365-1368,
Santa Maria Novella, Florence




The Christ Militant and Triumphant,
fresco, 1365-1368,
Santa Maria Novella, Florence

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
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