Bartolo di Fredi
Gothic and Early Renaissance
Bartolo di Fredi
Bartolo di Fredi (c. 1330 – January 26, 1410), sometimes called Bartolo Battiloro, was an Italian painter, born in Siena, classified as a member of the Sienese School.

He had a large studio and was one of the most influential painters working in Siena and the surrounding towns in the second half of the fourteenth century. He registered in the Guild of that city in 1355; he had several children, who all died before him, with the exception of Andrea di Bartolo. He was the companion of Andrea Vanni from 1353, and helped decorate the Hall of Council at Siena, in 1361. From 1356 he worked in the Collegiata, or principal church, of San Gimignano, some 30 km from Siena, where he painted the entire side of the left aisle with a cycle of frescoes of scenes from the Old Testament; the completed work was signed and dated in 1367.[1] In 1366 the Council of the city of Gimignano ordered a painting, representing Two Monks of the Augustine Order to be placed in the Palazzo Pubblico, in order to commemorate the settlement of some disputes which had long existed between that order and the city. In the early part of 1367 he was employed in Siena with Giacomo di Mino in the decorations of the cathedral. In 1372 he rose to a position in the government of the city, and was sent to welcome the new Podestà on his approach to Siena. In 1381 he was himself made a member of the Council, and in 1382 he executed the Descent from the Cross now in the Sacristy of San Francesco, Montalcino. The same church also possesses panels painted by him containing the Baptism of Christ figures of SS. Peter, Paul, and Francis, and five scenes from the life of St. Philip of Montalcino. In 1389, Bartolo, assisted by Luca Thome, painted the altar-piece for the Shoemakers' Company, in the Cathedral, and continued from that year until his death to furnish altar-pieces for the cathedral and other churches of Siena, which have now all disappeared.

His style is marked by the rejection of the concrete figures associated with Pietro Lorenzetti to instead favor flatter decorative otherworldly compositions in the manner of Simone Martini and Duccio. He combined a spirit of fantasy with anecdotal details.

The Honolulu Museum of Art, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Louvre, the National Museum of Serbia, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Musée des Beaux-Arts (Chambéry, France), the Musée du Petit Palais (Avignon, France), the Museo Civico e Diocesano d'Arte Sacra of Montalcino, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and the University of Virginia Art Museum are among the public collections having paintings by Bartolo di Fredi.



Adoration of the Magi
Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena

The Presentation in the Temple
Musee du Louvre, Paris

Triptychon aus der Cappella delle Carceri in San Francesco zu Montalcino, rechter Flugel:
Abschied Maria von den Aposteln und Tod Maria

Thronende Maria mit Kind, der heiligen Katharina und einer anderen Heiligen
um 1351/1400
Bild, Koln, Wallraf-Richartz-Museum


Christus am Kreuz, von Maria und zahlreichen Heiligen verehrt
um 1360
Bild, Altenburg (Thuringen, Lindenau-Museum, Gemaldesammlu

The Adoration of the Shepherds
Made in Siena, Italian


The Adoration of the Shepherds

Seven Saints in Adoration

Presentation of Mary in the Temple, tempera and gold on wood , c. 1360, Honolulu Museum of Art.

Nativity and Adoration of Shepherds

Coronation of the Virgin, 1388