TIMELINE OF WORLD HISTORY
 

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Prehistory  

From the Beginning to ca.4000 B.C.

   
   
 

First Empires

ca. 7000 B.C. - 200 A.D.

   
 

The First Great Civilizations

ca. 7000 B.C. - 200 A.D.

   
 

The Early States of Mesopotamia

CA. 3OOO-539 B.C.

   
 

The Old Assyrian and Middle Assyrian Kingdoms 

1300-500  

   
 

Ancient Egypt 

CA. 29OO-332 B.C.

   
 

The Hittites

CA. 1570-CA. 650 B.C.

   
 

Syria and Palestine
3000-332 B.C.

   
 

Key Ideas: Judaism

   
 
The Medes and the Persian Empire of the Achaemenids   

ca. 800-330 B.C.
   
 
The Nomads of the Eurasian Steppes  

ca. 1000-200 B.C.
   
 
Key Ideas: The Religions of India, China, and Japan   
   
 
India from the Beginnings to the Invasion of Alexander   

ca. 7000-325 B.C.
   
 
Early China up to the "Warring States" Period   

5000-221 B.C.
     
     
   
   
 
   
The Ancient World  

ca. 2500 B.C. - 900 A.D.
 
     
   
Classical Greece from the Culture of the Polis

8TH-3RD CENTURY B.C.
     
   

The Rise and Fall of a World Power

7TH-1ST CENTURY B.C.

     
   
Judea and Arabia before the Romans

CA.1100 B.C.-136 A.D.
     
   
Carthage: World Power and Rival of Rome

814-44 B.C.
     
   
The Etruscans: The League to the Roman Empire

7th century B.C.-1stcentury B.C.
     
   
Rome: From the Beginnings to the End of the Republic

753-82 B.C.
     
   
In Focus: The Roman Empire
     
   
The Rule of the Generals and Imperial Rome
74 B.C.-192 A.D.
     
     
   
From Constantine to the Rise of Byzantium

312-867
     
   
Key Ideas: Christianity
     
   
Armenia and Asia Minor

550 B.C.-CA 200 A.D.
     
   
Persia under the Parthians and the Sassanians

250 B.C.-651 A.D.
     
   
Celts, Slavs, and Germanic Tribes

бТН CENTURY B.C.-7TH CENTURY A.D.
     
   
The Great Migration of Peoples

375-568 A.D.
     
   
The Nomad Empires of the Eurasian Steppes

3RD CENTURY B.C.- 7TH CENTURY A.D.
     
   
Ancient India

321 B.C.-500 A.D.
     
   
China's First Emperors of the Qin and Han Dynasties

221 B.C.-220 A.D.
     
   
The First Kingdoms in North and Northeast Africa

CA.1000 B.C.-8TH CENTURY A.D.
     
     
   
   
 
   
The Middle Ages  

5th - 15th century
     
   
The Germanic Empires

5TH CENTURY-774
     
   
The Kingdom of the Franks

486-843
     
   
The Holy Roman Empire in the High and Late Middle Ages

911-1519
     
   
Switzerland

1291-1848
     
   
France in the High and Late Middle Ages

843-1515
     
   
Burgundy and the Netherlands

6TH-15TH C
     
   
England in the Middle Ages

CA. 450-1485
     
     
   
Ireland and Scotland in the Middle Ages

CA. 450-1603
     
   

Italy in the Middle Ages

CA.600-CA.1500

     
   
Spain and Portugal in the Middle Ages

8TH-15TH CENTURY
     
   
Northern Europe

8TH-16TH CENTURY
     
   
Eastern Europe

10TH-15TH CENTURY
     
   
Russia

9TH-16TH CENTURY
     
   
The Byzantine Empire

867-1453
     
   
Southeast Europe

7TH-15TH CENTURY
     
   
The Crusades

11TH-15TH CENTURY
     
   
Key Ideas: Islam
     
   
The Spread of Islam

622-CA. 1519
     
   
The Mongolian Empire and Its Successors

12TH-15TH CENTURY
     
   
India

500-1500
     
   
China after the Han Dynasty

220-1279
     
   
Japan

CA.400-1338
     
   
Southeast Asia

5TH-15TH CENTURY
     
   
Sub-Saharan Africa

5TH-15TH CENTURY
     
   
The Settlement and Cultures of America

СА.15ТН CENTURY B.C.-15TH CENTURY A.D.
     
     
   
   
 
   
The Early Modern Period  

16th - 18th century
     
   
In Focus: The Reformation
     
   
The German Empire: The Reformation and Its Consequences

1517-1609

     
   
The Thirty Years' War

1618-1648

     
   
The Holy Roman Empire under Enlightened Absolutism

1648-1806

     
   
France: From the Wars of Religion to the Eve of the Revolution

1562-1789

     
   
Mistress of the king of France
     
   
The Rise of England

 1485-CA.1800

     
   
Elizabethan Age
     
   
The Netherlands: From the Struggle to the French Occupation

1477-1795

     
   
The Italy of Popes and Princes

СА.1450-CA.1800

     
   
Spain and Portugal

1500-1800

     
   
Inquisition
     
   
Eastern Europe and Scandinavia

1500-1800

     
   
Russia's Rise as a Great Power

1613-1801

     
   
The Ottoman Empire, the Great Power of the East

CA.1300-1792

     
   
North Africa

16TH-18TH CENTURY
 
     
   
Persia under the Safavids and Qajars

CA.1450-1921

     
   
Mogul India and the European Trading Companies

1526-CA.1800

     
   
China under the Ming and Manchu Emperors

1368-CA.1800

     
   
Japan from the Muromachi Period to the Tokugawa Shogunate

1338-1868

     
   
Southeast Asia

1500-1800

     
   
Africa

1500-1800

     
   
The Ancient American Empires and the Conquest by Spain and Portugal

CA.1500-1800

     
   
North America to the Founding of Canada and the United States

1497-1789

     
   
Oceania and Australia to the Arrival of the Europeans

16TH-18TH CENTURY

     
     
   
   
 
   
The Modern Era  

1789 - 1914
 
     
   

The French Revolution

1789 - 1799

     
   
In Focus: The French Revolution
     
   
Napoleonic Domination

1792 - 1814

     
   
The Industrial Revolution Begins in Europe

CA.1750 - 1848

     
   
German States: The Reshaping of Austria and Prussia

1815-1871

     
   
Imperial Germany

1871-1914 

     
   
Austria-Hungary

1867-1914

     
   
France

1814-1914

     
   
Great Britain

1830-1914

     
   
Victorian Era

1837-1901

     
   
The Benelux Countries

1815-1914

     
   
Italy from the Congress of Vienna to the Eve of World War I

1815-1914

     
   
Portugal and Spain

1814-1914

     
   
Scandinavia

CA.1800-1917

     
   
European royal families
     
   
Russia from the Treaty of Tilsit to the Abdication of the Last Czar

1807-1917

     
   
The Balkans

1821-1914

     
   
The Ottoman Empire

CA.18007-1914

     
   
Egypt

1798-1914

     
   
Persia and Afghanistan

CA.1800-1914

     
   
India

CA.1800-1914

     
   
China to the Last of the Emperors

CA.1840-1912

     
   
Japan

1854-1912

     
   
Southeast Asia

UNTIL 1914

     
   
African State Building and Colonization

1814-1914

     
   
The United States: Beginnings and Rise to World Power

1789-1917

     
   
Latin America

1810-1914

     
     
   
   
 
   
The World Wars and Interwar Period  

1914 - 1945
     
   

The First World War

1914-1918

     
   
Key Ideas: Ideologies of the 20th Century
     
   
The Unpopular Democracy: The German Reich

1918-1933

     
   
Under the Swastika: Nazi Germany

1933-1939

     
   
Austria: From Habsburg Empire to German "Ostmark"

1918-1945

     
   
Switzerland: Island of Stability

1914-1945

     
   
France: Insecurity and Occupation

1918-1945

     
   
Britain between the World Wars

1919-1939

     
   
Ireland: Division and Independence

1914-1949

     
   
Belgium and the Netherlands

1914-1945

     
   
Italy under Fascism

1919-1945

     
   
Spain and Portugal

1914-1945

     
   
Scandinavia and the Baltic

1917-1944

     
   
Poland

1914-1939

     
   
Hungary and Czechoslovakia

1914-1945

     
   
The Soviet Union

1917-1939

     
   
Southeast Europe between the Wars

1914-1945

     
   
The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire

1914-1945

     
   
The Reorganization of Arabia

1918-1945

     
   
Iran and Afghanistan: Battle for Independence

CA.1900-1945

     
   
India's Path to Independence

UNTIL 1947

     
   
China between Empire and Communism

1911-1949

     
   
Imperial Japan and Southeast Asia

1914-1945

     
   
The British Commonwealth: Emancipation of the British Colonies

1914-1945

     
   
Africa under Colonial Rule

THROUGH 1939

     
   
Ethiopia and Egypt: Between Subjugation and Independence

UNTIL 1945

     
   
Euphoria and Depression: The US between

1917-1945

     
   
Latin America

1914-1945

     
   
In Focus: World War II
     
   
The Second World War

1939-1945

     
   
The Holocaust of European Jewry (1933-1945)
     
     
   
   
 
   
The Contemporary World  

1945 to the present
     
   
Germany

SINCE 1945

     
   
Austria

SINCE 1945

     
   
Switzerland

SINCE 1945

     
   
Great Britain: From Commonwealth to European Union

SINCE 1945

     
   
Ireland

SINCE 1945

     
   
France

SINCE 1945

     
   
Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembour

SINCE 1945

     
   
Italy

SINCE 1945

     
   
Spain: From Military Dictatorship to Constitutional Monarchy

SINCE 1945

     
   
Portugal

SINCE 1945

     
   
Northern Europe

SINCE 1945

     
   
Eastern and Central Europe

SINCE 1945

     
   
Yugoslavia

SINCE 1945

     
   
Greece and Turkey

SINCE 1945

     
   
The Soviet Union and Its Successor States

SINCE 1945

     
   
Northwest Africa

SINCE 1945

     
   
Key Ideas: Zionism
     
   
Israel

SINCE 1948

     
   
The Arab World and the Near East

SINCE 1945

     
   
Pakistan and India

SINCE 1947

     
   
Southeast Asia

SINCE 1945

     
   
China, Japan and Korea

SINCE 1945

     
   
Australia, New Zealand, and Oceania

SINCE 1945

     
   
Africa since the Independence of Its Nations

SINCE 1945

     
   
Canada

SINCE 1945

     
   
The United States: Global Power

SINCE 1945

     
   
Latin America

SINCE 1945

     
   
Key Ideas: Globalization
     
     
   
In Focus: Terrorism